PSA Screening Specialist

The prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test is a way to screen for prostate cancer. When PSA levels are high, the urology team at Urology Associates of South Florida can identify patients who may benefit from a prostate biopsy. The Boca Raton, Florida patients of Dr. Angelos N. Manganiotis can get a quick diagnosis and treatment if necessary.

PSA Screening Q & A

What type of tests are used to screen for prostate cancer?

There are two common tests used to screen for prostate cancer:

  • The PSA test is a type of blood test. It checks the amount of a prostate specific antigen in a patient's blood. The majority of healthy men have less than 4 nanograms/ml of this antigen in their blood. In general, a low number is a good sign — although not a guarantee — and a number over 4 nanograms/ml is a reason to undergo further testing.
  • The Digital rectal exam is a simple and quick test in which the physician inserts a fully gloved and lubricated finger within the patient's rectum to check for irregularities on the prostate.

These tests can be done separately or together.

Do abnormal test results mean prostate cancer?

When a person has abnormal PSA and/or digital rectal exam screening results, it doesn't automatically mean that they have prostate cancer. Abnormal results can occur in a perfectly healthy person. The doctor may recommend another PSA and digital rectal exam in a few weeks or months, or they may suggest a prostate biopsy. In a prostate biopsy, a small sample of tissue is extracted from the prostate with a very fine needle. It's then examined in the lab to check for cancerous cells.

When should men start having PSA screenings?

It depends on risk factors. When men have an elevated risk for prostate cancer, they should consider starting screenings as early as age 40-45.

  • African-American men are in a high risk group for prostate cancer.
  • Men of any race who have close male relatives with prostate cancer are at high risk if the cancer was diagnosed before age 65.
  • Men who have average risk levels generally start having PSA screenings at age 50.

Why is screening for prostate cancer so important?

Prostate cancer can cause a number of urinary, bowel, and sexual problems. It can dramatically reduce quality of life and even cause death in some cases. By screening for prostate cancer, men have the opportunity to learn about the condition when it's still in early stages. This can potentially allow for treatment that will prevent many of the most negative results of prostate cancer from ever occurring.

Most Major Insurance Providers Accepted

At Urology Associates of South Florida, we accept most major insurance plans. Here is a short-list of just some of the most popular plans we accept. Please contact our office if you do not see your insurance provider listed.

Blue Cross
United Healthcare