Prostate cancer is now the most commonly diagnosed non-skin cancer in the United States. In fact, one out of every eight men will receive a prostate cancer diagnosis at some point in their life.
All men are at risk for prostate cancer, but African-American males are 73% more likely to be diagnosed with prostate cancer than their Caucasian counterparts. Men of any race who have relatives with prostate cancer are twice as likely to develop the disease themselves. Age is another risk factor for prostate cancer. Most cases -- about six in 10 -- are diagnosed in men over age 65.
Prostate cancers are generally discovered during screenings with either a blood test (a prostate-specific antigen test) or a digital rectal examination. To confirm that prostate cancer is present, a biopsy will be needed.
In a prostate cancer biopsy, an ultra-thin needle is placed through the rectum in a procedure called a transrectal biopsy. The needle is used to gather tiny tissue samples from multiple parts of the prostate gland. These tissue samples are then tested for the presence of cancerous cells.
The biopsy is normally done under local anesthesia. The prostate cancer biopsy is performed on-site at the Urology Associates of South Florida facility, and it normally takes only around 10 minutes for the procedure itself.
Patients are typically given a prescription for antibiotics to take before and after the biopsy to help minimize risk of infection. A small quantity of blood in the urine or light rectal bleeding is possible after a biopsy, and there may be some blood in the semen for a few weeks after the procedure. It usually takes several days to a week to get the results from a prostate cancer biopsy.
Prostate cancer is a very treatable condition, especially if it's detected early. There are a range of treatment approaches. Treatment depends on the:
Treatment options include:
Other treatment choices can be discussed with your doctor.
At Urology Associates of South Florida, we accept most major insurance plans. Here is a short-list of just some of the most popular plans we accept. Please contact our office if you do not see your insurance provider listed.